رابطه سبک‌های دلبستگی و حس انسجام با استرس ادراک‌شده در سالمندان مقیم سرای سالمندان در دوران شیوع بیماری کرونا: نقش میانجی هوش معنوی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه فرهنگیان، کردستان، ایران

10.22126/jap.2022.7808.1627

چکیده

شیوع بیماری کرونا یک چالش مهم برای دستگاه‌های مراقبت بهداشتی در ایران است. سبک‌های دلبستگی و حس انسجام و هوش معنوی از جمله متغیرهایی هستند که می‌توانند تأثیر بسزایی بر سلامت روان و کیفیت زندگی سالمندان در دوران شیوع بیماری کرونا داشته باشند. بنابراین پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی نقش میانجی هوش معنوی در رابطه بین سبک‌های دلبستگی و حس انسجام با استرس ادراک‌شده در دوران بیماری کرونا در سالمندان اجرا شد. روش پژوهش همبستگی و از نوع تحلیل مسیر بود. جامعه آماری شامل کلیۀ سالمندان مقیم سراهای سالمندان شهر سنندج در سال 1400 بود که از بین آنها 270 نفر (146 مرد و 124 زن) به روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب شد. داده‌ها با استفاده از مقیاس‌های دلبستگی بزرگسالان کولینز، حس انسجام آنتونووسکی، استرس ادراک‌شده کوهن و همکاران و هوش معنوی کینگ جمع‌آوری شدند. نتایج حاصل از تحلیل مسیر نشان داد که مدل مفروض این مطالعه از برازش مناسبی در نمونه مورد مطالعه برخوردار است. بدین ترتیب که سبک دلبستگی ایمن از طریق هوش معنوی با استرس ادراک‌شده، سبک‌های دلبستگی اجتنابی و دوسوگرا از طریق هوش معنوی با استرس ادراک‌شده و حس انسجام از طریق هوش معنوی با استرس ادراک‌شده در سالمندان رابطه غیرمستقیم (05/0>P) داشتند. این نتایج بر اهمیت ارتباط سبک‌های دلبستگی و حس انسجام با توجه به نقش میانجی هوش معنوی در ارائه کمک‌های روان‌شناختی به سالمندان در مدیریت استرس ادراک‌شده آنها تأکید دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship of Attachment Styles and Sense of Cohesion with Perceived Stress in the Elderly in Nursing Home During the Outbreak of Coronavirus: The Mediating Role of Spiritual Intelligence

نویسنده [English]

  • Bahram Maleki
Department of Educational Sciences, University of Farhangian, Kurdistan, iran
چکیده [English]

The spread of Coronavirus is an important challenge for health care systems in Iran. Attachment styles, self-coherence and spiritual intelligence are the variables that can have a significant impact on mental health and quality of life in the elderly during the outbreak of Coronavirus. Therefore, the current study aimed to investigate the mediating role of spiritual intelligence in the relationship between attachment styles and self-coherence with perceived stress during the outbreak of coronavirus in the elderly. This was a correlational study of path analysis type. The statistical population included all the elderly living in nursing homes in Sanandaj in 2021, among whom 270 (146 men and 124 women) people were selected using convenience sampling method. Data were collected using Collins’s adult attachment styles, Antonovsky’s sense of cohesion, Cohen et al.’s perceived stress, and King’s spiritual intelligence Scales. The results of path analysis revealed that the hypothetical model has a good fit in the sample of this study. As such, secure and avoidant attachment styles had an indirect relationship with perceived stress through spiritual intelligence, and sense of cohesion indicated an indirect relationship with perceived stress through spiritual intelligence (P<0.05). The findings emphasize the importance of the relationship between attachment styles and a sense of cohesion with respect to the mediating role of spiritual intelligence in providing psychological assistance for the elderly in order to manage their perceived stress.
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کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Perceived stress
  • sense of cohesion
  • Attachment styles
  • spiritual intelligence
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 References
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